The Arc de Triomphe is a Neoclassical take on the ancient Roman triumphal arch style. Standing 50 m tall, the view from the platform atop the arch is worth the climb. You'll see all of the dozen Parisian avenues radiating out from it into the City of Light. Paris is one of the most fascinating places in the world, and you're at the center!
Inspired by the great arches of ancient Rome, Napoleon commissioned the Arc de Triomphe shortly after his victory at Austerlitz. Unfortunately, he never lived to see its completion, but that's what happens when you design something so elaborate. Look for relief sculptures at the base of each of the four pillars, ornate soldiers in a frieze around the top, plus the names of 128 battles and 558 generals. It may have taken thirty years, but it was worth it.
At the base of the arch, the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier pays tribute to the 1.3 million French soldiers who died in WWI. The Unknown Soldier was given a burial in 1921, beneath the eternal flame. At 18:30 each evening, the flame is rekindled. There's also an exhibition which explains the symbolic importance of this monument. Make sure to see it, after you've been to the top.
Wondering how to get to the center of the roundabout where the Arc sits? Don't take on the Parisian traffic, there are stairs from the north side of the Champs-Élysées that link up to pedestrian tunnels. Use these and save yourself the embarrassment of getting run over by a moped.